Malted Barley is barley that has been steeped, germinated, and kilned to prepare it for use in brewing. Malting converts insoluble starch to soluble starch, generates nutrients for yeast development, and reduces complex proteins.
There are two types of barley: two-rowed and six-rowed. Two-rowed barley develops two rows of kernels on the seed head. The kernels are plump, straight, symmetrical, and less tapered than six-rowed kernels. Two-rowed barley has less protein, more starch, lower enzyme content, and a slightly wrinkled, thinner husk than six-rowed barley.