Kernels in which the germ cover has broken open due to germination. The sprout may be intact and visible or, due to handling, may have broken off. The noticeable movement/growth of the "sprout" within the germ area indicates that sprouting has occurred. The "sprout" may move towards the top or bottom of the germ or lift upward leaving space between the sprout and germ cavity. It is not necessary for the "sprout" to extend beyond the germ area to be considered sprout damage.
Illustration shows from left to right:
Kernel A: The sprout is broken off leaving part of the germ cover over the socket area.
Kernel B: The germ cover is broken open with a
sprout showing at the bottom.
Kernel C: The germ cover is broken open with a
sprout showing at the top.
Kernel D: The sprout is broken off leaving no
germ cover over the socket area. Kernel D: Sprout sockets
typically resembles a "horse collar".